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Saturday Morning Class – Jan 2015

Hello Community and Students .
English class using content to create a collage and present it to the class .
Students receive AIDs for Vocabulary , Power point presentation by the teacher and finally an audio input for students to be completed .
Some AIDS-Clipping were deliver to the students to create the collage in the classroom.
Thank you all for participation.

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Welcome guys .

We are going to do amazing things .These were your expositions , congatulations all of you.

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Discussion

44 thoughts on “Saturday Morning Class – Jan 2015

  1. Well i got a 3 weeks in this course and i learn somethings that i not know, and i feel good in this class i have good classmates and the teacher is good teacher.

    Posted by Alex | November 29, 2014, 9:36 am
  2. I´M LIKE INGLESH, I´M LEARNED TO SAY MY PERSONAL INFORMATION AND OTHRE TYPE OF INFORMATION; I´M LEARNED TO LISTENT.AND MUCH MORE.

    Posted by Esmeralda Rivera.(nice eyes) | November 29, 2014, 9:37 am
  3. I like English Class
    I learned
    Verb to be
    The alphabet
    The history of Jaime Escalante
    The history of Six Men Missing Words
    And much more

    Posted by Mónica Q.C. | November 29, 2014, 9:37 am
  4. IN THIS CURSE I LEARN
    • I learn of the numbers
    • The relations
    • The family
    • Jaime Escalante
    • Of the manso n a raice a flag

    Posted by orlando Diaz | November 29, 2014, 9:38 am
  5. I am To learn Numbers.
    To Learn The Family, And Occupation. I learn Jaime Escalante

    Posted by Ingrid | November 29, 2014, 9:39 am
  6. I speack english, one, two, thre, wold ore you, wow are you, tnaks, good bay, morning, he, they

    Posted by Marco | November 29, 2014, 9:40 am
  7. I learn the conversation , alfabet

    Posted by marina menjivar | November 29, 2014, 9:40 am
  8. I am to learn in the curses about the number, alphabet and occupation, i learn at spell my name for example E-V-E-L-I-N and the number learn say the years like it one hundred and too two thousand . Too about the locals and transportation.

    Too about the family and parents for example that grandson is nietos. End many thing that i dont know

    Posted by Mariela | November 29, 2014, 9:41 am
  9. I am to learn to curses about the occupation, alphabet , numbers and learn at spell that last name and firts name example my firts name R-I-V-A-S
    Too about the family and parents example Son,sister,brother,mother,gransmother…

    Posted by andrea | November 29, 2014, 9:42 am
  10. Hello, I´m Irma Rosario Benitez, I´m Student Inglish in ITCA, My Teacher is Moises Gonzales.
    Lo que he aprendido en clases:
    The Alphabet, and Numbers, too listen music in inglish.
    Conversation of introducción adn say good-bye
    Ocupations , transportation, family

    Posted by Rosario | November 29, 2014, 9:43 am
  11. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 29TH 2014

    CLASS MORNING INGLISH
    HI, MY NAME IS CARLOS GUZMAN IS MY CLASS INGLISH LEARN IS:

    -LIFE JAIME ESCALANTE
    – RELATIONS PARENTS
    – ENGLISHGOES.WORDPRESS.COM– WEBPAGE
    -FAMILY
    -POSSIVE ADJETIVE
    – SHE HE IT = HAS
    -I, YOU, WE, THEY = HAVE
    -ALPHABET
    -THE NUMBERS
    -SIX MEN MISSING WORDS – HISTORY
    -OCUPATIONS VOCABULARY
    -COMPUTER LAB.

    Posted by Carlos Guzman | November 29, 2014, 9:44 am
  12. I learn in the english class:
    • The numbers
    • The adjective pronoums
    • The subject
    • The occupation
    • The relashionship
    • The alphabet

    Posted by Cecy | November 29, 2014, 9:44 am
  13. I read about the importance the english alphabet,
    too spell names, about people, occupations, possesive adjectives, ando more.

    Posted by Pam | November 29, 2014, 9:45 am
  14. I learn the conversation the alfabet, relationships

    Posted by wendy menjivar | November 29, 2014, 9:46 am
  15. Im learn in the class , the prefecion , the numbers, the adjetives and pronoun , the ABC, the relation ship, the places and the menbers of family ……….

    Posted by Brendali | November 29, 2014, 9:47 am
  16. hello my name is blanca vasquez ,iam study inglish in itca fepade. My teacher is moises gonsalez I like listen miusic and comversation with my classmate . aprendi number alfhabet.

    Posted by blanca vasquez | November 29, 2014, 9:48 am
  17. Lehar letter the number a ears song ,pronunceccion

    Posted by HECTOR MARLON portillo | November 29, 2014, 9:51 am
  18. My name is: Stephanie
    I’m like english
    I’m happy   
    My teacher is: Moisés González

    Posted by stephany rivas | November 29, 2014, 9:54 am
  19. Hello students , thanks for posting , keep going with English .

    Posted by Moises_Gonzalez | December 1, 2014, 12:04 am
  20. About Homework : Please post about El Salvador History , select 5 events which belong to 5 different years of our dear country , El Salvador .
    Example :
    1992 , January 16th , Chapultepec Peace Accord Signature .
    1980 , March , Archbishop Oscar Arnulfo Romero murdered .

    Just remember you have until Thursday on December 4th by midnight to post , thank you in advance .
    Teacher .

    Posted by Moises_Gonzalez | December 1, 2014, 12:09 am
  21. 1811 father Jose Matíaz Delgado revolt against organized to Spain

    In 1811, Father José Matías Delgado Revolt Against Organized to Spain , but it was quelled Quickly. The seed HAD Been Planted, however I, and 10 years later, on September 15, 1821, El Salvador and the rest of the Central American colonies won independence from Spain . They joined INITIALLY Mexico , but in 1823 Withdrew to form the Federal Republic of Central America . ( Mexico sent troops to pacify Its New additions, even occupying San Salvador , but to no avail.) Manuel José Arce was made president and Father Jose Matias Delgado wrote the constitution. Many streets in El Salvador are named after Delgado and Arce.

    Independence, September 1821
    “In the name of God Almighty, Triune, whose divine invocation everything has good beginning, good media and happy end. In the city of Salvador del Mundo, unto the half past nine p.m. today September 21 of the year of 1821, the first of our independence and freedom; Mr. Mayor tax and Chief Political accidental Dr. D. Pedro Barriere of the Act passed in Guatemala, in fifteen current and circulate to these provinces, with the agreement and at the instance of all authorities met to declare as effectively declared that memorable day the independence of the Spanish Government under the terms that are read in the minutes and manifest that the date itself circulated Superior Political Head Mr. D. Gabino Gainza in the basics and impulsive reasons set forth that mode more imperative demanded such high resolution; under the aforementioned Mr. Mayor and Mayor D. Casimiro García Valdeavellano 1, arranged at that time it is entered to the City Council all individuals, and are also called to military commanders, Mr. Cura Rector and Vicar, Regulars to the Prelates, to the leading citizens of all classes, and to be excited to the neighborhood, as was done by ringing of bells, music and fireworks.

    1986 san Salvador Earthquake

    The 1986 San Salvador Earthquake struck El Salvador on October 10 at 11:49 local time, causing considerable damage to the capital city of San Salvador and surrounding areas, including neighboring Honduras and Guatemala.
    Between 1,000 and 1,500 people are believed to have been killed, and over 10,000 people were injured. Two hundred thousand people were left homeless after the earthquake and a week of minor aftershocks.

    2004 president Eliaz Antonio Saca

    In 1989 Saca himself Affiliated With The right-wing National Republican Alliance (Alianza Republicana Nacionalista, ARENA), and as head of ANEP have supported President Flores’s pro-US Policies and the decision to adopt the US dollar as El Salvador’s national currency. , Although Strongly Committed to a market economy, Saca Expressed sympathy for labor, Which led Flores to name him to head a commission That brought` a small Increase in the minimum wage.ARENA, faced strong opposition from Which the Farabundo Marti Front for National Liberation (Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front, FMLN) in the 2004 presidential election, turned to Get Whose popularity as a candidate was more Important than His Ideological stance. Falta de DESPITE His political experience, I have united the party and campaigned Effectively Against FMLN candidate Shafik Jorge Handal , a former guerrilla commander. While appealing to labor With promises not to privatize the country’s social security and health care systems, Saca made anticommunism a major issue and Warned That an FMLN victory would destroy El Salvador’s good relations With The United States .

    2007 candidate for the presidency Mauricio Funes Cartagena

    Funes was educated in Roman Catholic elementary and secondary schools before majoring in communications at the Jesuit Central American University of Jose Simeon Canas (UCA). There I was Greatly Influenced by sociology professor Francis Miguel (“Hato”) Hasbún, a leftist activist.The violent death of Funes’s older brother, lowest was killed by police During a student protest in August 1980, Funes induced to leave the university before completing computer His degree.Yet, DESPITE His leftist leanings, I did not join a political party or Participate in the country’s Ongoing guerrilla warfare. Instead, I Taught literature in Catholic schools, Where have emphasized audiovisual methods of communication.

    With Hasbún as His adviser, Funes exploited His popularity to Become the FMLN candidate for the presidency in September 2007. He was the first FMLN presidential candidate Who Had a guerrilla fighter Average User in the 1980s. In the long electoral campaign, Funes ARENA Accused of doing nothing for the Salvadoran people in STI Nearly 20-year reign. I promised social justice, economic reform, improved standards of living, universal health care, and better access to education, housing, and pensions, as well as to stem rising Policies crime and gang violence. In the election on March 15, 2009, Funes won 51.3 percent of the vote, defeating ARENA candidate Rodrigo Ávila.

    Posted by marina menjivar | December 1, 2014, 12:09 pm
  22. EL SALVADOR HISTORY
    1821 Independence
    In the early 19th century, Napoleon’s occupation of Spain led to the outbreak of revolts all across Spanish America. In New Spain, all of the fighting by those seeking independence was done in the center of that area from 1810 to 1821, what today is central Mexico. Once the Viceroy was defeated in the capital city –today Mexico City- in 1821, the news of the independence were sent to all the territories of New Spain including the Intendencies of the former Captaincy of Guatemala; accepting this as a fact, El Salvador joined the other Central American Intendencies in a joint declaration of independence from Spain. The public proclamation was done through the Act of Independence in 1821.
    1986 El Salvador Earthquake
    San Salvador Earthquake struck El Salvador on October 10 at 11:49 local time, causing considerable damage to the capital city of San Salvador and surrounding areas, including neighboring Honduras and Guatemala.
    Between 1,000 and 1,500 people are believed to have been killed, and over 10,000 people were injured. Two hundred thousand people were left homeless after the earthquake and a week of minor aftershocks.
    1992 Peace Accords
    The Chapultepec Peace Accords brought peace to El Salvador in 1992 after more than a decade of civil war.
    The treaty was negotiated by representatives of the Salvadoran government, the rebel movement FMLN, and political parties, with observers from the Roman Catholic Church and United Nations.
    The treaty was the result of a UN backed peace process that had begun in 1990. On December 31, 1991, the government and the FMLN initialed a preliminary peace agreement under the auspices of UN Secretary-General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar. The final agreement was signed in Mexico City on January 16, 1992, at Chapultepec Castle.
    2001 Earthquake
    The February 13 earthquake was a strong, shallow intraplate earthquake, occurring within the crust of the overlying Caribbean plate. This earthquake was a strike-slip faulting earthquake, which likely occurred in response to the complicated stresses in the Caribbean plate as it overrides the Cocos plate. It was about 85 km away from the 13 January earthquake and about 30 km shallower.
    2004 President Eliaz Antonio Saca
    In 1989 Saca himself Affiliated With The right-wing National Republican Alliance (Alianza Republicana Nacionalista, ARENA), and as head of ANEP have supported President Flores’s pro-US Policies and the decision to adopt the US dollar as El Salvador’s national currency. , Although Strongly Committed to a market economy, Saca Expressed sympathy for labor, Which led Flores to name him to head a commission That brought` a small Increase in the minimum wage.ARENA, faced strong opposition from Which the Farabundo Marti Front for National Liberation in the 2004 presidential election, turned to Get Whose popularity as a candidate was more Important than His Ideological stance. Falta de DESPITE His political experience, I have united the party and campaigned Effectively Against FMLN candidate Shafik Jorge Handal , a former guerrilla commander. While appealing to labor With promises not to privatize the country’s social security and health care systems, Saca made anticommunism a major issue and Warned That an FMLN victory would destroy El Salvador’s good relations With The United States

    Posted by Ingrid Valencia | December 1, 2014, 3:54 pm
  23. The history of El Salvador. has gone through different periods which have marked their current economic, political and social status. Before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors to American soil, the territory was inhabited by several Amerindian peoples who had already formed a sophisticated social orders; with the conquest, syncretism and the submission take prominence until the then province of San Salvador, acquired its independence from the Spanish Empire, making their character of State in 1859. In 1931 he started a period known as the “military dictatorship”, where the army controls the State until 1979. During the 1980s occurred a civil war, leaving a toll of dead and missing without precedent in its history. It is in 1992 when you sign the Chapultepec peace accords, event that marks the beginning of a new era in the history of the nation. At present, the economic and social situation tends to hOn March 28, 1982 she was elected a new constituent Assembly. Period of 20 months, the constituent Assembly developed intense discussions in the drafting process of the new Constitution, which was finally enacted on December 15, 1983, entering into effect five days later. Later, Álvaro Magaña was appointed interim President by the constituent Assembly. Duarte won the presidential election in 1984 against D’Aubuisson sand. According to the PDC and Duarte, D’Aubuisson and his party of sand had direct ties with the squadrons of death, the American Ambassador, Robert White, he had described as a “pathological killer” Centeron 1984 Founder, Duarte made two historic meetings for dialogue and negotiation with the FMLN-FDR Alliance, one in the village of La Palma, Chalatenango Department, and the second in Ayagualo, La Libertad. But none of these meetings gave a solution to the armed conflict. In May 1987, the FMLN-FDR Alliance presented its 18-point peace proposal.In 1989, the popular vote gave Alfredo Cristiani’s ARENA the presidential election. In April 1989, FMLN presented its platform in Washington to negotiate the end of the civil war. The Cristiani Government meets for the first time with the FMLN in Mexico in September. On 11 November, following a strategic plan which, according to some media, Fidel Castro knew beforehand, 52 FMLN launches its military offensive called “Up to the bumper”. The morning of the 16th, a unit of the army invades the Universidad Centroamericana “José Simeón Cañas” and kills 6 Jesuit priests linked to the liberation theology: Ignacio Ellacuría, Ignacio Martin-Baro, Segundo Montes, Joaquín López and Lopez, Amado López, Juan Ramón Moreno and two of his collaborators Elba and Celina Ramos.53La offensive mounted by the FMLN made it clear there were no chances of a victory military of some of the bandos.54 negotiations with ARENA continued with the signing of the Protocol in Geneva, Switzerland, in April 1990, then delegations from both parties to the conflict signed in May the Caracas agreement mediated by the personal representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Soto.En Álvaro December 1990 the FMLN launches what would become nationwide military offensive last and which was demolished the first aircraft with surface-to-air missile. To establish a kind of balance of power, the ARENA Government enter the signing of the agreement in New York on December 31, and on 16 January 1992 the negotiations ended with the signing of the peace accords at Chapultepec Castle, in Mexico, putting an end to 12 years of internal conflict. At the end of the civil war, was recorded the death of civilians more than 75,000 Salvadorans and about 9,000 missing.As a result of the signing of the peace accords, the Legislative Assembly approved on 23 January 1992 the “law of reconciliation national”, which “granted amnesty for all persons who have participated as authors immediate, consequential or accomplices in associated with these common political crimes and common crimes committed by a number of people who do not lower than twenty”, before the 1 of January 1992, except, in any case, the common crime of kidnapping” (art. 1); 55 as well as also excluded from its benefits to “people that, according to the report of the Commission on the truth, they have engaged in serious acts of violence that had occurred since January 1, 1980, whose footprint on society, demands with urgency the public knowledge of the truthregardless of the sector to which belong in your case”(art. 6). 56La Commission on the truth for El Salvador of the United Nations, organized under the mandate of the peace accords, drafted his report entitled” of madness to hope: the 12 year war in El Salvador “between 1992-93 where he published the results of the investigation of the events that occurred between 1980 and July 1991. 57Como reaction adverse to the report of the Commission of the True, the Legislative Assembly, approved the “law of General Amnesty for the consolidation of peace”, which “gives wide, absolute and unconditional amnesty for all persons who in any way participated in political, common crimes related with”inder the chances of overcoming of the population

    Posted by blanca vasquez | December 1, 2014, 5:01 pm
  24. HISTORICAL EVENTS IN EL SALVADOR

    1986 EARTHQUAKE
    On October 10, 1986, leaving behind destruction and death. Shaking for about 30 seconds left some 1,500 dead and more than 200,000 damnificados. The earthquake originated at 11:50 am, with a magnitude of 7.5 degrees on the Richter scale and an intensity of 9.0 on the Mercalli scale.
    The earthquake caused several buildings in the capital collapsed or suffered significant damage , an example of this is the Rubén Dario building, symbol of the tragedy , which covered an area of almost one block and around the building partly Pacific was to be demolished .

    1989 SINDICLES ORGANIZATIONS
    In the year 1989 happened many facts of importance in the development of the civil war that ravaged this country. Just in the first months occurred a series of attacks on trade union organizations; for that matter, on 15 February an explosion damaged the premises of the Union of Salvadoran Workers. In this attack the group claimed responsibility “Maximiliano Hernandez Martinez” ; 9 also on the twenty , another bombing took place at the headquarters of the National Federation of Workers ( FENESTRAS ) , killing ten people . However, apart from these acts of violence, a number of proposals for dialogue were announced by the guerrillas of the government, the most relevant approach to delay presidential elections to be held in March . The proposition was ignored because the elections were held on nineteenth day of that month was won Alfredo Cristiani of the Nationalist Republican Alliance.

    1992 Peace Agreements
    The Chapultepec Peace Accords were a set of agreements signed on Thursday, January 16, 1992 between the Government of El Salvador and the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN ) in the Castle of Chapultepec , Mexico , which ended twelve year civil war in the country .

    1994 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
    Armando Calderon Sol (San Salvador, El Salvador, June 24, 1948) is a Salvadoran politician and was President of June 1, 1994 to June 1, 1999, 2 who currently serves as leader of the rightist Alliance Republican Nationalist (ARENA) and is the brother of Deputy Milena Calderon Sol Escalon.

    1980 MURDER OF ARCHBISHOP
    The March 24 was assassinated Archbishop of San Salvador , Monsignor Oscar Arnulfo Romero , after having demanded the US withdraw its military support to the Salvadoran regime and order the said Board the end of repression . Major Roberto D’ Aubuisson was subsequently charged as an organizer of the crime even though he was never brought to trial.

    Posted by ELI | December 2, 2014, 11:09 am
  25. Castilians he was a Salvadorian consul in Geneva between 1940 and 1945 and, according to an investigation that the Salvadorian Department of Exteriors has realized in these last two years, granted more than forty thousand certificates of nationality to Jews of different countries – principally of Hungary – in order that they were escaping of the Gestapo and of the trains of the death.
    On March 28, 1882, 125 years ago, in the middle of a great expectation they landed in the former Port of Acajutla, proceeding from England, the locomotives that would give life to the most new way of transport of our country at the end of the 19th century: the Railroad. It was A June 4, 1882, that the President Rafael Zaldivar inaugurated officially the service of the railroad, with the arrival to Sonsonate of the first locomotive who was leading a passengers’ convoy and load.
    In 1952 there was constructed in El Salvador the bridge of San Marcos popular Lempa mas acquaintance mentions as ” Golden bridge ” for a foreign company called Roebling Bridges division. The construction of the Golden bridge began during the presidential period of the general Salvador Castaneda Castro, between 1945 and 1948, and was inaugurated by the president colonel Óscar Osorio, in 1952. With 700 meters of length it was one of the longest bridges in Latin America.
    In 1969 there took place the ” War of 100 hours ” with the invasion of the south of Honduras for the Army and the Salvadorian Aviation. This conflict had his origin in the decade of 1920, when thousands of Salvadoreans emigrated to Honduras in search of improving his living conditions. At the end of the decade of 1960, the Honduran government was under pressure of popular organizations demanding an agrarian reform. To the Salvadorian community, which was exceeding the 3,000, him business and properties were confiscated. This generated a climate of violence against the Salvadoreans, with the approval of the government of Lopez Arellano’s shift. El Salvador took action and on July 14, 1969 invaded Honduras.
    Between 1931, the year of Gen. Maximiliano Hernández Martínez’s coup, and 1944, when he was deposed, there was brutal suppression of rural resistance. The most notable event was the 1932 Salvadoran peasant uprising headed by Farabundo Martí, Chief Feliciano Ama from the Izalco tribe and Chief Francisco “Chico” Sanchez from Juayua, Izalco subdivision. The government retaliation, commonly referred to as La Matanza (the ‘slaughter’), which followed after the days of protest. In this ‘Matanza’, approximately 40,000 indigenous people and political opponents were murdered, imprisoned or exiled. Until 1980, all but one Salvadoran temporary president was an army officer. Periodic presidential elections were seldom free or fair.

    Posted by Marco Antonio Ramirez Flores | December 2, 2014, 11:38 am
  26. RELEVANT EVENTS IN EL SALVADOR
    . 1821, September 21 th In El Salvador the declaration of independence of the quartermaster of San Salvador is signed .

    .1859, January 25 th The legislative decree proclaiming El Salvador as a sovereign an independent Republic is issued.

    .1969, July 14th Starts Soccer War between Honduras and El Salvador .

    .1981, January 10 th In El Salvador civil war begins whith the offensive launched by the FMLN Guerrilla.

    .1999, June 01 th In El Salvador Francisco Flores takes possession as President.

    .2001, January 01 th The dollar enter circulation in El Salvador.

    Posted by Brendali Hernandez | December 2, 2014, 1:38 pm
  27. 1850 EL SALVADOR – HONDURAS BATTLE AGAINST

    The battle of La Arada was fought on february 2, 1851 near the town of Chiquimula in Guatemala between part of the war between the conservatie government of Guatemala against liberal coalition of El Salvador and Honduras and was the most parent for Guatemala lose its sovereignty as republic threat
    After the return of Rafael Carrera, from exile in 1849, the Salvadoran president Doroteo Vasconcelos gave asylum to Guatemalan liberals, who harassed the government of Guatemala in several ways: José Francisco Barrundia made him from a newspaper for that express purpose; Vasconcelos fed , for a year to the rebel faction “The Mountain ” , in eastern Guatemala distributing money and weapons to the rebels . In late 1850, Vasconcelos was tired of this slow war against Guatemala and decided to act openly . So, the Salvadoran president began a crusade against the Conservative regime of Guatemala , inviting participation in the alliance to Honduras and Nicaragua ; but both governments alone the Honduran chaired by Juan Lindo agreed to participate in the invasion.
    Meanwhile, in Guatemala , where they were well aware of the invasion plans against the president Mariano Paredes takes the necessary measures to cope, while the Archbishop Don Francisco de Paula Garcia Pelaez in his archdiocese ordered prayers for peace.
    On January 4, 1851 in Ocotepeque met the presidents of Honduras and El Salvador , with which the alliance was sealed against Guatemala . The Salvadoran army consisted of 4000 perfectly municionados and men with artillery support ; Hondurans meanwhile, readied 2,000 men for the campaign. The bulk of the allied forces stood at Metapán , as it is a location close to Honduras and Guatemalan border.

    PEASANT UPRISING IN EL SALVADOR , 1932

    The peasant uprising of 1932 in El Salvador was a mixture of protest and insurrection that ended in ethnocide . After the arrival of the Spanish in Salvadoran territory , economic and social situation of the natives was characterized by a steady decline of living standards , which increased in the years to independence. After the independence of El Salvador , governments were promoting the creation of an unequal system , which kept clear of progress native populations of the territories of the Lordship of Cuzcatlán . El Salvador , plunged into a deep economic crisis by falling coffee prices and the crisis of 1929 , a wave of protests and rebellions against unequal land tenure system , which worsened with the presidential reforms that spoiled faced peasants from their communal lands to give to the large landowners. Peasants and indigenous people rose up against the government and attacked military installations in the west of the country , coinciding with a rebellion organized by the Salvadoran Communist Party ( PCS ) after losing elections later accused of fraud .

    THE GENERAL STRIKE ” SIT-DOWN ” 1944

    Revenge of the working class against repression Martinato

    The General Maximiliano Hernández Martínez came to power taking advantage of the coup against Arturo Araujo in 1931 but only consolidated with the defeat of the revolution. The slaughter of 30,000 workers in 1932 was intended not only to defeat the insurgency but also teach a lesson to the masses for the revolution not lift head for decades and that would have been like in any other country but the enormous revolutionary traditions in the Salvador, the inability of capitalism to provide stability and excesses committed by the military government made in a span of only 12 years a revolutionary new process that had triumphed in its entirety could have saved tens of thousands of martyrs was given.

    The Communist Party of El Salvador (PCS) arose when the Russian revolution had degenerated bureaucratically. There is a huge river of blood that divides the Bolshevism of Stalinism, Stalin killed more communists than Hitler and Mussolini together, just so he could crush the democratic gains of October. Stalin falsified history and took the authority that the first workers’ state was between the working class and the oppressed around the world. It replaced the defendant proletarian internationalism provided by Lenin, the social-theory of socialism in one country, using the revolutionary process and the Parties of the Communist International as pawns on a chessboard that could sacrifice according to the conveniences of the Soviet bureaucracy .

    There is a parallel between the personalities of Stalin and Hernandez Martinez, both were gray individuals of low culture. Replaced his poor vision with the most extreme violence, torture and murder. Using the appliance, power and repression to appear as the great visionaries Masters, the great leaders.

    The Bonapartist government Hernández Martínez was tolerated by the bourgeoisie only because it became his hero in the 32, the man with the ability to crush communism in El Salvador. The bourgeoisie prefers governments based on bourgeois democracy but prefers hundred thousand times more dictatorial before the revolutionary triumph of workers governments. A Bonapartist regime like Hernández Martínez, is the tendency of power to one man tending to rise above the status classes, by its nature it is incessant maneuvering between classes; can impact blows to the ruling class but always defending the existing mode of production, in this case the capitalist.

    Hernández Martínez longer in power decided to stay there reelecting several occasions, the last in March 1944. There was a growing dissatisfaction of the bourgeoisie with Maximilian, who imposed them give him a cake capitalist profits bigger slice. An example is the attempt to increase tax rates on exports for the state to have more income.

    THE ASSASSINATION OF ARCHBISHOP ROMERO

    On the night of March 24, 1980, Archbishop Romero was fatally shot in the heart by murderers, who obeyed orders coming directly from the reactionary oligarchy that dominates the country. Romero was killed because he was the voice representing the needs of the oppressed. Until today it has not done justice and the masses are still waiting.

    “While it is clear that our church has been the victim of persecution during the past three years, is even more important to note the reason for this persecution … The persecution comes to us due to the defense of the Church for the poor, for taking the fate of poor “.
    “A church that suffers no persecution but enjoys the privileges and support from the things of this world, care !, is not the church of Jesus Christ. A preaching that does not point sin is not preaching the gospel. A sermon that makes sinners feel good, so that they feel safe in their sinful, betrays the call of the gospel. ”
    “When the Church hears the cry of the oppressed can not otherwise denounce the social structures that fuel and perpetuate the misery from which comes the cry” (Archbishop Oscar Arnulfo Romero, March 11, 1979).
    On Monday night March 24, 1980, Archbishop Oscar Arnulfo Romero was shot to the heart while saying Mass in memory of the mother of a friend. He died a few minutes. On March 23, 1980, one day before his death, he went directly to the country’s soldiers in his weekly sermon, imploring: “In the name of God, in the name of this suffering people whose cries rise to heaven each day more tumultuous, I implore you, I beg you, I order you: Stop the repression! “.

    The masses reacted angrily to murder. During the funeral service of the Archbishop, a bomb exploded outside the cathedral in San Salvador, then government troops opened fire on the crowd of about 50,000 who had gathered there to pay homage. An estimated 40 people were killed and 200 were injured.
    One day after the murder was an accusation that Cuba was directly involved. But there was no possibility that the Cubans were involved in the assassination of Archbishop. Everyone knows who was responsible. The murder was the work of the reactionary right shortly afterwards, in 1981, founded the ARENA party, organized by Roberto D’Aubuisson, who had previously been the founder and leader of the notorious death squads, and personally made a called for the assassination of Romero.
    The report of the Commission on the Truth of the United Nations in 1993 states unambiguously:
    “There is sufficient evidence that the greatest ancient Roberto D’Aubuisson gave the order to assassinate the Archbishop and gave precise instructions to members of his security service manual, acting as a death squad, to organize and supervise the assassination.”
    The Archbishop was extremely popular and an outspoken critic of the military who ruled this Central American nation with an iron fist. Romero became known for his courageous public denunciations of the atrocities committed by the military in the turbulent years before the bitter Salvadoran civil war.
    The masses of workers and peasants in El Salvador and throughout Central revere his memory. On the occasion of the 30th anniversary (March 24, 2010) of this brutal political assassination, the people of El Salvador took to the streets to celebrate the memory of this brave man.

    History of Dollarization in El Salvador 2001

    The Salvadoran currency circulated in this country since October 1862.
    One of the innovations that emerged in the Latin American economy has been the announcement of the dollarization process of the Salvadoran economy. This is a set of measures taken by the regime of former President Francisco Flores that gradually would promote the substitution of Salvadoran Colon for the greenback. Under this administration (1999-2004), with the support of Congress dominated by the right, El Salvador dollarized on January 1, 2001, to take effect called Monetary Integration Law (LIM), which fixed the exchange rate at 8.75 colones for a dollar.

    The Act called for the International Monetary Stability (IMSA, in the acronym) provides, nothing more and nothing less, than the principles and lines of work for dollarization worldwide. Start giving the advantages of adopting the dollar as currency: monetary stability, lower inflation and interest rates to US levels, higher economic growth that stimulates savings and investments, fiscal discipline, contribution to strengthening the financial system and lower volatility of interest rates and inflation.

    The document details the obligations to be met by the country that dollarized and actions and responsibilities of the monetary authorities of the United States to that situation. It also recognizes that dollarization will help stabilize and increase US exports and decrease the risks of exchange rate US investors when investing in these countries. He also notes that the US project will save significant sums in financial assistance to countries with financial problems and monetary seigniorage profits (reservoir performance) will increase US
    In the mechanism of law enforcement, the proposed formula explains that countries are not obliged to dollarization, but if they do have to meet certain conditions. Among them, the full opening of the financial system to foreign banks, cessation of issuing domestic currency and the destruction of materials (plates and dies) used to produce coins. Should eliminate legal tender status to national currency and grant legal tender status to the US dollar. Must engage with the Secretary of the US Treasury to determine whether the country is a good candidate for official dollarization and cooperate with the United States regarding the prevention of money laundering and forgery.

    With dollarization, El Salvador ran out of monetary policy and the Central Bank became dependent on the US Federal Reserve (Fed), which now pays for you to print the currency.
    El Salvador, on the advice of the Chilean economist Sebastian Edwards, poses a substitution plan currency requiring a series of legal and economic reforms. These reforms included reforms to the banking, labor and fiscal sector: in November 2000, former President announces the decision to dollarize and January 2001 begins the gradual substitution of the colon by the US dollar Francisco Flores.
    The process of dollarization came Salvadoran given in advance because the number of transactions which for years had been making many businesses and shops. These businesses operate in El Salvador, driven by the significant presence of Salvadorans in the United States.

    From its earliest days dollarization seems doomed to be a catalyst of contradictions. Days before the end of 2000, the Foundation for the Study of Law (Fespad) filed a lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of Monetary Integration Law because it was passed with great ignorance of both the population and legislators.
    The challenge for monetary stability of the subcontinent passed mainly through a common currency. A more favorable, even in Latin America, an alternative would be to create a regional currency, something like a Latin American Peso. This currency if it could be handled more “fair” manner dollar level. But that creation includes significant challenges especially in terms exceed backward “national” concepts in a region that requires integration. If dollarization was the simple answer is clear that Europe would have done without the “complications” of the entire European Monetary System regional macroeconomic coordination and the creation of the Euro.

    Posted by Carlos Guzman | December 2, 2014, 8:05 pm
  28. 2001 El Salvador Earthquakes

    The 2001 El Salvador earthquakes were two earthquakes which struck El Salvador on January 13 and February 13, 200
    At 17:33:34 UTC the 7.6 (later estimated to be 7.7 or 7.9)[1] quake struck with the epicenter at 60 miles (100 km) SW of San Miguel, El Salvador (13.04N 88.66W) at a depth of 60 km. At least 944 people were killed, 5,565 injured, 108,261 houses destroyed — with another 169,692 houses damaged — and more than 150,000 buildings were damaged in El Salvador.[4] About 585 of the deaths were caused by large landslides in Santa Tecla and Comasagua. As is often the case after earthquakes in El Salvador, landslides wreaked significant damage

    1970 Football war

    The Football War (Spanish: La guerra del fútbol), also known as the Soccer War or 100 Hour War, was a brief war fought by El Salvador and Honduras in 1969. The cause of the war was economic in nature, namely issues concerning immigration from El Salvador to Honduras.[1] These existing tensions between the two countries coincided with rioting during the second North American qualifying round of the 1970 FIFA World Cup. The war began on 14 July 1969, when the Salvadoran military launched an attack against Honduras. The Organization of American States negotiated a ceasefire on the night of 18 July (hence “100-hour War”), which took full effect on 20 July. Salvadoran troops were withdrawn in early August.
    Despite the elapse of more than forty years, a formal peace treaty, a decision by the International Court of Justice and the support of the Organization of American States, the dispute remains active.

    1990 peace accords

    The Chapultepec Peace Accords brought peace to El Salvador in 1992 after more than a decade of civil war.[1]
    The treaty was negotiated by representatives of the Salvadoran government, the rebel movement FMLN, and political parties, with observers from the Roman Catholic Church and United Nations.
    The treaty was the result of a UN backed peace process that had begun in 1990.[2] On December 31, 1991, the government and the FMLN initialed a preliminary peace agreement under the auspices of UN Secretary-General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar. The final agreement was signed in Mexico City on January 16, 1992, at Chapultepec Castle.
    A nine-month cease-fire took effect February 1, 1992,[3] and has never been broken.
    The Accords included a seventy percent reduction of the armed forces, the dissolution of the rapid deployment forces, the National Guard, the National Police, the Treasury Police and the transfer of the state intelligence agencies to the Presidency of the Republic. All armed FMLN units were also demobilized.

    1980 Oscar Arnulfo Romero

    Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez (15 August 1917 – 24 March 1980)[1] was a bishop of the Catholic Church in El Salvador. He became the fourth Archbishop of San Salvador, succeeding Luis Chávez, and spoke out against poverty, social injustice, assassinations and torture.[2] Romero was assassinated while offering Mass in 1980.

    1992 Rabbit Island

    In 1992, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled on the delimitation of bolsones (disputed areas) along the El Salvador–Honduras boundary, OAS intervention and a further ICJ ruling in 2003, full demarcation of the border concluded; the 1992 ICJ ruling advised a tripartite resolution to a maritime boundary in the Gulf of Fonseca advocating Honduran access to the Pacific. Unlike other major islands of the Gulf of Fonseca, Rabbit Island was never put to discussion in the definition even though the government of El Salvador asked for a clarification of the situation of every island in the Gulf of Fonseca. The island, despite its small size, is a strategic point of naval and military value to both Honduras and El Salvador.

    Posted by wendy menjivar | December 3, 2014, 9:42 am
  29. Significant events in El Salvador
    In 1931 started a period known as the “military dictatorship”.
    In 1969 there was the “War of the 100 hours.”
    In 1992 when the Chapultepec Peace Accords were signed.
    In October 2005 the eruption of Volcán Santa Ana was given.
    On 15 March 2009 the political party FMLN reached first victory in the presidential election.

    Posted by Mónica Q.C. | December 3, 2014, 3:27 pm
  30. History of El Salvador
    The atmosphere of political violence that had lived the previous decade greatly contributed to the civil war that lasted 12 years (1980-1992). It was a military conflict was defined as a low intensity warfare, or Prolonged Popular War, as it was called FMLN guerrilla forces that killed more than 75,000 people dead and desaparecidos.17

    Some factors contributing to the war were: the international drop in coffee prices, constant electoral fraud and discontent of the population by the form of government of the military. Some events that ignited tempers during the armed conflict highlights the murder of the Archbishop of San Salvador, Oscar Arnulfo Romero in 1980.

    The turbulent environment ended in 1992 when fighters of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) consists of five groups of left and the right-wing government of then President Alfredo Cristiani of the Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA), signed the “Agreements Peace “on January 16, 1992 in Chapultepec, Mexico, who claimed political and military reforms, but did not elaborate on the social aspect.
    In 1992, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) sent the delimitation of “The Pockets” (a frontier area disputed between El Salvador and Honduras), but thanks to the intervention of the Organization of American States (OAS) and the ICJ in 2003, the total land border demarcation has been completed in 2006. also in 1992, the ICJ advised a tripartite resolution for the creation of maritime boundaries in the Gulf of Fonseca. El Salvador continues to claim Rabbit Island, which is not included in the ICJ decision in this case.

    San Salvador, the capital, is known for the many earthquakes occurring; so it was popularly called the “Valley of the Hammocks” since colonial times. In 1986 an earthquake of 7.5 degrees of intensity in the Richter scale and 10 seconds long, destroyed much of the city of San Salvador. On 13 January 2001, another earthquake, the 7.9 magnitude on the Richter scale, caused widespread destruction throughout the country. One of the human tragedies that happened as a result of the earthquake, was a landslide in the call Cordillera del Balsamo in the city of Santa Tecla in the department of La Libertad, which killed more than 800 people and left thousands homeless . On February 13, 2001, a month later, another earthquake of similar magnitude killed 255 people, leaving their houses hundreds of families, especially in the interior of the country where the poorest sections of society live.

    The last presidential elections on March 15, 2009, led to winning journalist Carlos Mauricio Funes Cartagena FMLN party.

    policy
    Flag of El Salvador for civilian use from 1912
    Main article: Politics of El Salvador
    In the 1983 Constitution the basic legal framework of the country is defined. There are states that El Salvador is a democratic and representative republic, whose three bodies are: the Executive Branch, headed by the President of the Republic who is elected by direct vote and remains in office for five years. It can not be re-elected in the next period. The president is accompanied by his Cabinet. It is also the General Commander of the Armed Forces.

    The other entities are the Legislative Branch, called El Salvador’s Legislative Assembly (unicameral) of 84 deputies; and the judiciary, headed by the Supreme Court, which is composed of 15 judges, one of them being elected as President of judiciary.
    Carlos Mauricio Funes Cartagena, President of El Salvador during the period 2009-2014.

    With the Chapultepec Peace Accords (1992) the new National Civil Police, the Attorney for the Defense of Human Rights and the Supreme Electoral Tribunal was created. Also was given legal life, as a political party, the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) and the military’s role reserved for the defense of the sovereignty and territorial integrity was redefined. Some security forces who were in command of the army were also removed, as were the National Guard, Treasury Police and special battalions formed to keep the war against insurgency year 1980.18

    Posted by Stephany Rivas | December 3, 2014, 4:44 pm
  31. Through the time they have passed a series of events that have marked the history of our country and they have led what is now our dear country and; among them are:

    *Dead the Monseñor Romero 1980
    At around 6:30 PM on Monday, March 24, 1980, a red VW Passat drove up to the small, graceful chapel of the Divina Providencia Hospital, a center run by Carmelite nuns where Romero lived. It was, as it almost always is in San Salvador, a hot day, and the wing-shaped chapel’s doors were open. As Romero stood at the altar just after the homily a tall, thin bearded man in the back seat of the VW raised an assault rifle and fired a single 22 bullet
    into the archbishop’s heart.

    *1986 El Salvador Earthquake
    The 10 October 1986 resulted in 1500 deaths, 10,000 injuries, and 100,000 people left homeless, two hundred thousand people were left homeless after the earthquake and a week of minor aftershocks. The earthquake has
    a surface-wave magnitude (MS) of 5.4, and using strong-motion data, we estimate a moment magnitude (M6−)
    of 5.7, causing considerable damage to the capital city, San Salvador, and landslides in the San Salvador area. Surrounding areas were also affected, including neighbouring Honduras and Guatemala. Challenge laid on a special flight which saved us approximately 12 hours, and landed at 0213 hours local time at San Salvador Airport. Having cleared customs we were met at immigration by representatives from The Committee Emergency International.

    *El Salvador Peace Agreement (Chapultepec) – 1992
    The Government of El Salvador and the Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional (hereinafter referred to as “the Parties”), reaffirming that their purpose, as set forth in the Geneva Agreement of 4 April 1990, is “to end the armed conflict by political means as speedily as possible, promote the democratization of the country, guarantee unrestricted respect for human rights and reunify Salvadorian society”, having concluded negotiations on all the substantive items of the Caracas Agenda of 21 May 1990 and of the New York Compressed Negotiations of 25 September 1991.

    *Elections the El Salvador 1999
    The government of Francisco Flores was characterized by its close alignment with United States policies. El Salvador was one of the steadiest allies of the U.S. government in the region. Three undertakings during his term best exemplify Flores’s commitment to close US-Salvadoran relations: First, Flores authorized the deployment of Salvadoran troops to Iraq in support of U.S. forces. Second, during his term a successful free-trade agreement was negotiated between the United States and the Central American region, with the late addition of the Dominican Republic to the roster of participating nations; this agreement was ratified recently by most of the region’s countries as well as the U.S. Congress. Finally, Flores was the architect of the Salvadorian economy’s migration from its historical currency, the colón, to the U.S. dollar.

    *2001 El Salvador Earthquake
    At 17:33:34 UTC the 7.6 (later estimated to be 7.7 or 7.9)[1] quake struck with the epicenter at 60 miles (100 km)SW of San Miguel, El Salvador (13.04N 88.66W) at a depth of 60 km. At least 944 people were killed, 5,565 injured, 108,261 houses destroyed — with another 169,692 houses damaged — and more than 150,000 buildings were damaged in El Salvador.[4] About 585 of the deaths were caused by large landslides in Santa Tecla and Comasagua. As is often the case after earthquakes in El Salvador, landslides wreaked significant damage.

    Posted by Pam Morales | December 3, 2014, 5:08 pm
  32. The History of El Salvador.

    The 1986: san Salvador earthquake, has been one of the most destructive earthquakes in the history of the Salvador’s capital city even caused more deaths than the earthquakes of January 13 and fabruary 13, 2001. The death toll was 1,500 and 200,000 homeless, according to historian Thomas Anderson, in his book of central American, 1988.
    The incident began at 11:49 on Friday October 10, 1986 whit an intensity of 5.7 degrees on the richter scale and an intensity of IX on the mercalli scale, causing considerable to city infrastructure damage, being the focus of the tragedy Rubén Darío building damage by the earthquakes on may 3, 1965, but was never demolished or repaired correctly quake occurred during the civil war that hit the country in 1980-1992.

    1990 PEACE ACCORDS

    The Chapultepec Peace Accords brought peace to El Salvador in 1992 after more than a decade of civil war.[1]
    The treaty was negotiated by representatives of the Salvadoran government, the rebel movement FMLN, and political parties, with observers from the Roman Catholic Church and United Nations.
    The treaty was the result of a UN backed peace process that had begun in 1990.[2] On December 31, 1991, the government and the FMLN initialed a preliminary peace agreement under the auspices of UN Secretary-General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar. The final agreement was signed in Mexico City on January 16, 1992, at Chapultepec Castle.
    A nine-month cease-fire took effect February 1, 1992,[3] and has never been broken.
    The Accords included a seventy percent reduction of the armed forces, the dissolution of the rapid deployment forces, the National Guard, the National Police, the Treasury Police and the transfer of the state intelligence agencies to the Presidency of the Republic. All armed FMLN units were also demobilized.

    1992 CIVIL WAR

    It is commonly known as civil war El Salvador, the internal armed conflict that occurred in the Central American country, where they faced, the government army, the Armed Forces of El Salvador (FAES), against insurgent forces of the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN). The armed conflict was never officially declared, but is usually considered that developed between 1980 and 1992.10 although the country experienced an atmosphere of political and social crisis during the 1970s.

    The number of victims of armed conflict has been estimated at 75,000 dead and desaparecidos.11 12 armed conflict ended, after a process of dialogue between the parties, with the signing of a peace agreement that allowed the demobilization of forces guerrilla and their incorporation into the political life of the country.

    However, El Salvador had previously undergone at least one civil war between 1826 and 1829, when it was part of the United Provinces of Central America.13

    1989 SINDICLES ORGANIZATIONS

    In the year 1989 happened many facts of importance in the development of the civil war that ravaged this country. Just in the first months occurred a series of attacks on trade union organizations; for that matter, on 15 February an explosion damaged the premises of the Union of Salvadoran Workers. In this attack the group claimed responsibility “Maximiliano Hernandez Martinez” ; 9 also on the twenty , another bombing took place at the headquarters of the National Federation of Workers ( FENESTRAS ) , killing ten people . However, apart from these acts of violence, a number of proposals for dialogue were announced by the guerrillas of the government, the most relevant approach to delay presidential elections to be held in March . The proposition was ignored because the elections were held on nineteenth day of that month was won Alfredo Cristiani of the Nationalist Republican Alliance.

    2001 EARTHQUAKES.

    Earthquakes in El Salvador in 2001 were two strong earthquakes that occurred in El Salvador on 13 January and 13 February 2001.
    In 2001, El Salvador suffered two earthquakes with a month’s difference between them, the first occurred on Saturday 13 January and the second on Tuesday 13 February. These earthquakes various departments of the republic, bringing destruction and human losses, the main symbol of the latter, the landslide that killed hundreds of Salvadorans in the Colony “The Hills” seriously affected, which occurred in the first of earthquakes. It is estimated that the total death toll for both earthquakes amounted to 1259. On the economic front, El Salvador suffered estimated 1.6038 billion dollars, due to losses in exports, property damage and environmental damage losses. Similarly, both earthquakes generated serious cultural losses due to total or partial destruction of national monuments of great value to the national history

    Posted by Andrea Rivas | December 3, 2014, 7:45 pm
  33. The Massacre OF Six Jesuit Ssholars Priests Housese Keeper And Her Daughter
    took place during the Salvadoran civil war on november 16 1989. At the campus of universidad Centroamericana JOSE SIMEON CAÑAS (UCA) in San Salvador ,El Salvador. Armed men in uniforms bust.into their chered residence and gunned down evreryone within.
    All those murdered where employees of universidad Centroamricana Jose Simeon Cañas in San Salvador El Savador . Six of them were scholars and catholic prieste. (IGNACIO,SEGUNDO,IGNACIO, JUAN RAMON, JOAQUIN and ARMANDO) .One of those murdered (Elba) was employed as a domestic. Worker at university residence and Celina was Elba´s daughther.

    1986 San Salvador Earthquake
    The 1986 San Salvador earthquake struck El Salvador on october 10 at 11:49 local time, causing considederable damage to the capital city of San Salvador and surrounding áreas including neighboring Honduras and Guatmala . Between 1.000 and 1.500 people are believed to have been kiled and over 10,000 people were injured. Two hundred thousad people left homeless afer earthquake and weep of minor affershockr.

    Chapultepec Peace Accords.
    The topic Chapultepec peace Accords .Indiscussed In the Followin Articles.
    Capacity to defeat the fmln strengthemed the president´s commitment to reaching a nogotiated settlement. One –mediated peace negotiations began in the spring of 1990 , And the two tarties signedthe Chapultepec Peace Accords in Mexico city in january 16 1992. By that time more tan 75,000 people (mostly non combatants) had lost their lives ,the economy wasin shambles,and damage to the Alfredo Cristiani´s loss of faith in the army´s capacity to defeat the fmln sterngthened the president´s commitment. To reaching a negotiated settlment with the group.

    1969 Football War.
    Get a better understandingof soccer war and the real role that the sport. Plyed in it .
    Has there ever been a war caused by football soccer? Although not directy .the series of world cup qualification mithes between Honduras and El Salvador in 1969 set off a four day war that kiled thousands from both sides. The two neighboring countries were already at odds with each other prior to the qualification matchies.The height of their tensión coincided woth the world cup qualifying games,whitch resulted to a war that then became known as the football war.
    Underlying causes of the war: Immigration and land dispute.

    Archbishop Oscar Romero Assassinated In San Salvador 1980.
    As the archbishop of San Salvador during . El Salvador´s civil war, Romero wen international a oclaini by speaking out againgt social injustices, such as human rihts abuses and assassinations perpetrated government.Just one day affer.Romero publicly exhorted salvadoran to obey god instead of their corrupt.government,he was shot to death while celebrating mass. What unprecedented did the president. Of El Salvador make on the 30th anniversary of Romero´s death?.

    Posted by marlon portillo | December 4, 2014, 1:17 pm
  34. THE HISTORY OF EL SALVADOR..

    En 1992
    It is in 1992 when the Chapultepec Peace Accords, an event that marks the beginning of a new era in the history of the nation are signed. At present, the economic and social situation tends to hinder the chances of overcoming the population. When the peace accords were created
    The peace accords in El Salvador were signed on January 16, 1992, the Government of the Republic chaired by Lic. Felix Cristiani and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN), which signed in Chapultepec, Mexico, putting to this end to one of the most painful chapters in the history of El Salvador. The 12-year conflict had resulted in more than 75,000muertos. With these agreements is guaranteed and the parties undertook to El Salvador is live in peace.

    En 1994
    in 1994, after the end of armed conflict by the Ministry of Education of the time.The first volume deals with the pre-Columbian era, the independence process and separation of the Provinces of Central America in states that are today. The second volume, however, contains historical events of the late nineteenth and twentieth century history: the coffee republic, liberal reforms, 1932, the military dictatorship and armed conflict.

    En 1986
    In 1986 he was one of the most destructive earthquakes in the history of the capital city of El Salvador, even caused more deaths than the earthquakes of January 13 and February 13, 2001. The death toll was 1,500 and 200,000 homeless according to historian Thomas Anderson, in his book Politics of Central America, 1988.
    The incident began at 11:49 am local time (17:49 UTC) on Friday October 10, 1986, with an intensity of 5.7 degrees on the Richter scale and an intensity of IX on the Mercalli scale, causing considerable to city infrastructure damage, being the focus of the tragedy Rubén Darío building damaged by the earthquake

    En 1989
    In 1989 was called by the generic name UCA martyrs eight people were killed on November 16, 1989, at the Universidad Centroamericana Jose Simeon Cañas (UCA), located in the city of San Salvador (El Salvador), for squad Atlacatl of the Armed Forces of El Salvador under the command
    of Colonel René Emilio Ponce, that under President Alfredo Cristiani. The authors left simulating signals and false evidence that crimes were committed by the guerrillas

    En 2007
    Funes was educated in Roman Catholic elementary and secondary schools before majoring in communications at the Jesuit Central American University of Jose Simeon Canas (UCA). There I was Greatly Influenced by sociology professor Francis Miguel (“Hato”) Hasbún, a leftist activist.The violent death of Funes’s older brother, lowest was killed by police During a student protest in August 1980, Funes induced to leave the university before completing computer His degree.Yet, DESPITE His leftist leanings, I did not join a political party or Participate in the country’s Ongoing guerrilla warfare. Instead, I Taught literature in Catholic schools, Where have emphasized audiovisual methods of communication.

    Posted by Brenda ponce | December 4, 2014, 2:41 pm
  35. 1929, the Salvadoran economy was late and although it started the year as the continuation of a period of economic boom due to high rate of coffee production and its extraordinary prices for the second half the situation changes abruptly; coffee prices down by 45% and crack New York immediate impact on the economy, showing their dependence and vulnerability. The rapid drop in prices affects hard in all sectors of the national economy, affecting acute way Salvadoran society.
    The crisis hits both sectors of the field and to the city. The decline in grain prices drag hunger and despair small farmers (poquiteros) and sharecroppers. A state employees, and even the military, are not paid, because the economy is destroyed. The effects of the crisis in El Salvador lasted beyond 1931, but this year the situation worsened, hitting a wild way loa poor peasants. Because having no crop that year, there was obtaining resources and anguish covering large sections of agricultural laborers, who were facing imminent death from starvation.
    In 1932 comes to power by force, Maximiliano Hernández, having cast aside the elected president Arturo Araujo (the December 4, 1931), mainly because of pressure from the coffee oligarchy. But the coup not backing down the electoral process of January 5, 1932, but before the victory of some regions by the Communists, immediately suspending elections.
    Given the crisis that afflicted the Salvadoran working class and peasantry, and to the imposition by force of a new government, workers and peasants gave rise to a great process of organizing a union and union unprecedented movement. The masses gradually radicalized, the Communist Party after searching a fruitless political solution, we have no choice to summon an armed insurrection for January 20, but the day before they are caught Alfonso Luna, Mario Zapata and Farabundo Martí, who are tried in a military court on January 31 and February 1 shot.
    Faced with the threat of the Salvadoran people, the government declares state of siege on January 20, but on the night of 22 to 23, thousands of peasants with machetes and the occasional stir, take small farms and some villages in the departments of Sonsonate and Ahuachapán. But after starting the insurrection that was largely peasant, and had the presence of the US Navy in Salvadoran coast, ready to intervene, by the weakness of the Salvadoran army, but it was not necessary, because even grab some properties motion was not broad enough to reach higher goals. The failed uprising was followed by a wave of violence and killings, by the illegitimate government of Maximiliano Hernández, the sympathy and support of the US government won.
    Death of Bishop Romero24 March 1980:
    The Facts The Monday March 24, 1980, a professional murderer-the Truth Commission in its investigation failed to determine who was the sniper, by order of then Major Roberto D’Aubuisson, leader of the death squads, killed a single shot to the Archbishop of San Salvador, Monsignor Oscar Arnulfo Romero Galdámez in full celebration of Mass in the chapel of the Hospital of Divine Providence in San Salvador. Earlier, D’Aubuisson had met with then Captain Alvaro Saravia, Fernando Sagrera and Captain Eduardo Avila at the residence of Alejandro Cáceres in San Salvador. Cáceres informed those present that Monsignor Romero officiate a Mass that day and thought it would be a good opportunity to assassinate the Archbishop. It was then that D’Aubuisson ordered the assassination of Archbishop Romero and left Saravia in charge of the operation. Captain Avila, observing that a sniper was required, offered to take care of contact through Mario Molina. The details of this meeting, in which D’Aubuisson and his accomplices agreed to the murder of Monsignor Romero are based on the testimony of Amado Garay, then Biker Alvaro Saravia, who was present at the meeting and that was who led the sniper the car from where you shot Monsignor Romero.Después to get the sniper, by order of Captain Avila, Garay drove the individual in a red volkswagen to the Hospital of Divine Providence and parked in front of the chapel where Romero was celebrating Mass. The stranger, bearded, ordered Garay crouch making a repair. By doing so, Garay heard a shot, turned around and saw the man, who “held a gun with both hands towards the right side of the right rear window of the vehicle, feeling at the time a smell of gunpowder.” So said Garay in his statement to the Committee on SIU on November 19, 1987. The bullet, one caliber 22, fatally wounded Monsignor Romero causing profuse bleeding.
    Offensive November 1989 in San Salvador
    Shortly after eight o’clock in the evening of November 11, 1989, the forces of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN), which proved triggered the strongest urban offensive of all the Salvadoran civil war that had lasted longer ten years.The long FMLN combatants simultaneously attacked various parts of the capital. A few minutes later heavy fighting could be heard in many places, while the sky was lit up by flares fired by militares.Algunos of the first battles proved maneuvers fun. That first night the hardest fighting was around National University and the headquarters of the First Infantry Brigade, adjacent to it. Army troops clashed briefly with the FMLN along the South Superhighway, along Cuscatlan Stadium and the entrance to a military developments, across from the Universidad Centroamericana “Jose Simeon Cañas” (UCA) .The FMLN also attacked the residence President Alfredo Cristiani and the President and Vice President of the Legislative Assembly, which made US officials mistakenly inform that the objective of the offensive was to assassinate Salvadoran government officials and take poder.Muy soon became the offensive the FMLN was radically different from any other fighter filed in San Salvador. It is estimated that during the previous weeks had entered San Salvador between 1500 and three thousand fighters. These troops gave the impression of being well prepared and have good supply of ammunition and food.
    In 1990 the two sides agreed to officiate UN mediator in the conflict and talks to find a solution to the guerra.Tras intense negotiations began, the UN design a plan, to be accomplished in stages, whereby: Rebels should destroy their weapons and indicate the location of all your arsenal and ammunition; also had to demobilize and allow passage of the authorities and the police. The government should, in turn, demobilize the army, police and dismantle squads muerte.A midnight on December 31, 1991 in New York, after 21 weeks of negotiations and 12 years of civil war (with a balance of 75,000 dead, 8,000 missing and nearly a million exiles), both sides signed agreements and commitments to proceed with the establishment of peace in El Salvador; defined a term from the 1st. February to October 3, 1992, to cease all armed confrontation, creating a favorable environment for the implementation of the agreements and negotiations continued under the supervision of the UN and the OEA.El January 16, 1992, in the Mexican city of Chapultepec, the final agreements were signed. In the same introducing substantial amendments to the Constitution and the structure, organization, regulation and training of the Armed Forces contemplated; making changes he promised in the forms of land ownership and employee participation in the privatization of state enterprises was modified; the creation of organisms that could look after human rights and ensured the legal political existence of FMLN.Según defined agreements, the government should reduce its workforce by half, reaching the figure of 30,000 in 1994, and dissolve the service intelligence. As of March 3 a new civilian police integrated in part by members of the FMLN would have to be created. In January 1992, the National Reconciliation Act granted amnesty to all political prisoners.

    Posted by Esmeralda Rivera | December 4, 2014, 5:43 pm
  36. THE HISTORY OF EL SALVADOR

    1. EARTHQUAKE OF 1986
    The 1986 San Salvador earthquake, has been one of the most destructive earthquakes in the history of El Salvador’s capital city even caused more deaths than the earthquakes of January 13 and February 13, 2001. The death toll was 1,500 and 200,000 homeless, according to historian Thomas Anderson, in his book Politics of Central America, 1988.
    2. WAR OF FOOTBALL
    The Soccer War or the War of the 100 hours was an armed conflict occurred from 14 to 18 July 1969 in Central America, between the republics of El Salvador and Honduras. This war was named for the coincidence of the tension between the two countries with a football game the June 26, 1969 pitted national teams of El Salvador and Honduras, during qualifying for the 1970 FIFA World Cup . the name that is known to this war was coined by the Polish reporter Ryszard Kapuściński.
    3. PEACE SIGN AGREEMENTS
    The Chapultepec Peace Accords were a set of agreements signed on Thursday, January 16, 1992 between the Government of El Salvador and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) in the Castle of Chapultepec, Mexico, which ended twelve year civil war in the country.

    The first negotiations between government and guerrillas were mere approaches to dialogue, without obtaining true derivasen agreements at the end of the conflict. After several rounds of negotiation, the death toll continued to grow and political polarization hindered the peaceful end to the conflict . In 1989, after the intervention of the United Nations, negotiations yielded concrete agreements for the consensual solution to the conflict were initiated. Negotiating committees were appointed by both parties and an agenda was established to address the points flashpoints to be resolved. As a result of negotiation, several agreements and amendments to the Constitution of the Republic, which allowed both parties give in until occurred consensus, partly forced by internal and external factors that influenced decisions.
    4. EARTHQUAKE OF 2001
    In 2001, El Salvador suffered two earthquakes with a month’s difference between them, the first occurred on Saturday 13 January and the second on Tuesday 13 February. These earthquakes various departments of the republic, bringing destruction and human losses, the main symbol of the latter, the landslide that killed hundreds of Salvadorans in the Colony “The Hills” seriously affected, which occurred in the first of earthquakes. It is estimated that the total death toll for both earthquakes amounted to 1259. On the economic front, El Salvador suffered estimated 1.6038 billion dollars, due to losses in exports, property damage and environmental damage losses. Similarly, both earthquakes generated serious cultural losses due to total or partial destruction of national monuments of great value to national history.
    5. EL SALVADOR IN THE WORLD CUP
    Selection of El Salvador was one of the 16 teams participating in the 1970 FIFA World Cup held in Mexico. He qualified dodging the Central preliminary and final round of CONCACAF, both with Honduras that ranked first. In this qualifying a milestone was marked as classified for the first time two Central selections to a World Cup. El Salvador classified for the second time at a World Cup where he faced Hungary, Belgium (second in Europe and who faced in 1970) and holders: Argentina. Again he went out last losing all his matches being most remembered he played with Hungary, losing by 10-1 being the most lopsided score in the history of the World Cups.

    Posted by Alex Espinoza | December 4, 2014, 7:33 pm
  37. Francisco Flores in January 2001, ordered the dollarization in El Salvador, a process that was approved by the right, which fixed the exchange rate at 8.75 for a dollar.

    • 10-11 December 1981: The Atlacatl battalion of the Armed Forces of El Salvador massacred more than 1,000 farmers in the cantons El Mozote, Los Toriles and La Joya in the department of Morazán, in what has become known as “Slaughter of El Mozote “and has been considered the most serious crime of war on their toll.

    The September 15, 1821, the independence of El Salvador from Spain was declared.

    The Peace Accords were signed on Thursday January 16, 1992 between the Government of El Salvador and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) in the Castle of Chapultepec, Mexico, which ended twelve years of civil war in the country

    The 1986 San Salvador earthquake, has been one of the most destructive earthquakes in the history of El Salvador’s capital city even caused more deaths than the earthquakes of January 13 and February 13, 2001. The number of deaths was 1,500 and 200,000 homeless,

    Posted by Rosario Benitez | December 4, 2014, 8:22 pm
  38. The history of El Salvador.

    (1811), November 5th
    (1876-1931), The Cafetalera Republic
    (1944) Go-slow
    (1969) the “War of the 100 hours”
    (1980) Start of the civil war in El Salvador.

    Posted by Evelin Mariela | December 4, 2014, 9:55 pm
  39. The history of El Salvador.

    (1811), November 5th, First Shout of Independence.
    (1876-1931), The Cafetalera Republic
    (1944) Go-slow
    (1969) the “War of the 100 hours”
    (1980) Start of the civil war in El Salvador.

    Posted by Evelin Mariela | December 4, 2014, 9:56 pm
  40. 1981 Slaughter the mozote
    1986 Earthquake
    1969 War of the 100 hours between El Salvador and Honduras
    1992 peace accords were signed
    2001 dollarization

    Posted by Cecy | December 4, 2014, 10:17 pm
  41. The Chapultepec Peace Accords were a set of agreements signed on Thursday, January 16, 1992 between the Government of El Salvador and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) in the Castle of Chapultepec, Mexico, which ended twelve year civil war in the country.
    The first negotiations between government and guerrillas were mere approaches to dialogue, without obtaining true derivasen agreements at the end of the conflict. After several rounds of negotiation, the death toll continued to grow and political polarization hindered the peaceful end to the conflict. In 1989, after the intervention of UN negotiations yielded concrete agreements for the consensual solution to the conflict were initiated. Negotiating committees were appointed by both parties and an agenda was established to address unresolved flashpoints. As a result of negotiation, several agreements and amendments to the Constitution of the Republic, which allowed both parties give way to achieve consensus, partly forced by internal and external factors that influenced decisions occurred.
    The final document of the agreements was divided into 9 chapters covering five key areas: modification of the Armed Forces, creation of the National Civil Police, modifications to the judicial system and the defense of human rights, changes to the electoral system and adopting measures in the economic and social field. The implementation of the agreements was given under the supervision of a special UN mission, which gave a settlement after three years of management.

    01.15.1543 – in El Salvador Resume village is founded.
    05/23/1575 – village of San Salvador (present capital of El Salvador), which had few hundred inhabitants suffered the first of his many microdisk, which completely destroyed. There is no record of fatalities. Six years later another earthquake will destroy it again, and in 1594 for the third time.
    04/21/1594 – village of San Salvador (present capital of El Salvador, which at that time had few hundred inhabitants) is the third of his numerous previous -the microearthquakes were in 1575 and 1584, which completely destroyed. 09/21/1821 – In El Salvador the Act of Independence of the Municipality of San Salvador is signed.
    12/06/1824 – San Salvador, capital of El Salvador city, a Constituent Assembly adopted the first constitution of the history of El Salvador in his capacity as a member of the American Federation State. 16/02/1841 – San Salvador, capital of El Salvador city, a Constituent Assembly decreed the founding of the University of El Salvador.
    02/18/1841 – San Salvador, capital of El Salvador city, a Constituent Assembly adopted the first Constitution of El Salvador as a sovereign and independent State of the Federal Republic of Central America. 19.10.1876 – in El Salvador Salvadoran Language Academy is established.
    09/15/1879 – San Salvador, capital of El Salvador city, is sung for the first time in an official ceremony the current national anthem of the country. 17/05/1912 – For Legislative Decree are legally adopted as national symbols shield and flag of El Salvador.
    10/29/1913 – San Salvador (El Salvador) Floods cause enormous damage and many casualties. 02/12/1931 – In El Salvador, a “civic directory» overthrown and replaced the constitutional president Arturo Araujo. Start is given to a succession of military governments which runs until 1979. 12.04.1931 – In El Salvador, civic Board over the chairmanship to Maximiliano Hernandez Martinez, whose government will last until 1944.
    22.01.1932 – in El Salvador a peasant uprising is violently suppressed by the government occurs. 09/05/1944 – In El Salvador, General Maximiliano Hernández Martínez, renunciation of power, after 13 years of authoritarian government, pressured by a general strike.
    10/21/1944 – A coup in El Salvador deposed the interim President General Andrés Ignacio Menéndez, and replaces it temporarily in the same public office by Colonel Amin Aguirre and Salinas.
    01/15/1945 – In El Salvador, General Salvador Castaneda Castro was elected president. 12.14.1948 – in El Salvador a coup against General Salvador Castaneda Castro, who wanted to be reelected is perpetrated. 07/14/1969 – starts Soccer War between Honduras and El Salvador.
    04.06.1970 – El Salvador and Honduras sign an agreement in San José de Costa Rica that ends the Soccer War. 03/30/1980 – San Salvador (capital of El Salvador), government forces shot and killed 40 unarmed civilians in the funeral of Oscar Romero, Archbishop of San Salvador assassinated on March 24 by a military command.

    Posted by wilber | December 4, 2014, 11:36 pm

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